The productivity of Iran pistachio products in Iran is very low, and if too many hidden subsidies for water and energy are removed, pistachios will not be able to compete in global markets.
Why does Iran pistachio not have the power to compete in the world markets?
According to the news agency from Kerman, Iran pistachio product is a strategic product for Kerman province and the country, which is one of the five main export products of the agricultural sector. Pistachio has a high exchange rate for the country and more than 70% of it is exported.
The province’s pistachio exports amounted to $ 949 million last year. However, farmers and pistachio exporters in Kerman province faced many problems, including rising input prices, declining productivity and low yields per hectare, and frost damage.
the export of pistachios last year was more than 200,000 tons, of which the share of Kerman customs was 139,000 tons.Seyed Mehdi Tabibzadeh-head of the Kerman Chamber of Commerce, Industries, Mines and Agriculture
He said: 70% of pistachio exports The country is one of the customs of Kerman province, which shows the high capacity of the province’s export system.
He said that in recent years, pistachio planting has spread to other provinces of the country and some provinces are in serious competition with Kerman province and said: “It is we who must maintain the top position of Kerman province in this area”.
Which factors suffer Iran pistachio industry?
- Increased input prices
- low productivity
- yield per hectare
- frost and heat damage
- reduced water quality
- currency return
- high costs of fertilizers
- labor wage
More than 90% of the foreign exchange obligations of Kerman pistachio exporters were fulfilled.
He continued by stating that most of the pistachio exporters in the province were facing the problem of returning foreign currency to the country: Fortunately, 91% of the foreign exchange obligations of Kerman exporters were fulfilled in the years 2018 to the end of 2020.
Tabibzadeh pointed out that there were serious problems in the field of foreign exchange liabilities of exporters in Kerman province, which through the Chamber of Commerce, Industry, Mining, and Trade Organization, Trade Development Organization, Central Bank, etc., many follow-ups have been done.
He stated, that we could help to solve this problem as much as we could, and we also know that the problem is 100% unresolved: “We hope that this problem will be solved by lifting the oppressive sanctions and our interaction with the world.”
The head of the Kerman Chamber of Commerce, Industries, Mines and Agriculture, noting that the price of pistachios is global and usually the price of pistachios is not in our hands, added: “What we can do is to increase the yield and productivity, yield index per hectare when is Increased so that we can reduce the cost price.”
The United States is Iran’s biggest competitor in the world market of pistachios “We are in competition with other countries in this field and in order to be able to compete, we need the performance of farmers and the policies of the authorities,” he said. “Our biggest competitor in the global market is the United States.”
Tabibzadeh pointed out that the organization that can help us a lot and maintains the competitive power of the country and Kerman province at the international level is the Agricultural Organization: The efficiency of pistachio production per hectare in the country and Kerman province is very low, and if One day, if the real price of water and energy in agriculture is imposed, our pistachios will not be able to compete in world markets at all.
Emphasizing that the yield per hectare as a productivity indicator in the field of pistachios must be improved, he said: “Currently, the United States is our rival in this field and has an eliminating competition with us.” The head of the Kerman Chamber of Commerce, Industries, Mines and Agriculture, noting that the yield per hectare of other countries is higher than Iran. Until we can not reach productivity indicators in this area and certainly our competitive conditions in global markets are less and less It becomes. “
Organizations and the institutions providing agricultural inputs should increase the possibility of increasing pistachio yield per hectare.
adding: “If this does not happen, the severe restrictions we face and increase day by day will cause every day.” We have more problems and lose our competitiveness in international markets.
Iran’s low performance in pistachio production should be investigated
Iran low performance in pistachio production in the country should be investigated and we should help make pistachio production more competitive in the country: Iran Pistachio Association as a private sector trustee can serve as an expert arm along with experts of Agricultural Organization, The Water Organization, the Agricultural Research Center, the Rafsanjan Pistachio Research Center are responsible institutions, and should work on a comprehensive plan to examine the problems in this area.
He stated that today if all our problems in the field of exports and the problems of sanctions and currency issues are solved, it should be seen whether our pistachios have the power to compete in world markets: In the discussion of pistachios being removed, we can not compete in world markets at all, and until these fundamental issues are resolved, pistachios will have no place in world markets in the future.
Up to 949 million dollars of pistachios were exported from Kerman province last year Mohammad Reza Ghavam, Deputy Minister of Foreign Trade of Kerman Province Industry, Mining and Trade Organization, also stated that pistachio production has expanded in the country: Currently, 25 provinces of the country are producing pistachios, but Kerman province is both producing and exporting pistachios.
no province has yet overtaken Kerman in pistachio production
Kerman pistachios rank first in the country and no province has yet overtaken Kerman in pistachio production. He pointed out that most of the production and export of pistachios in the country is still in the hands of the province, management of pistachio production and exports in the province should be taken more seriously.
Pistachio is a strategic commodity for Kerman province and more than half of Kerman province exports in agriculture Most of which is in the pistachio sector.
pistachio exports in the province was over 949 million dollars last yearThe Deputy Minister of Foreign Trade of the Industry, Mining and Trade Organization of Kerman Province
The Deputy Minister of Foreign Trade of the Industry, Mining and Trade Organization of Kerman Province, stating that the value of pistachio exports in the province was over 949 million dollars last year.
The main problems of pistachio exporters in previous years are due to the return of currency. He continued by stating that it was decided that agricultural products would be exempted from the return of export currency or that arrangements would be made to adopt different methods for the return of foreign exchange has been notified.Read more:
Read more about Iran pistachio:
- Iran pistachios
- Varamin pistachios
- Akbari pistachios
- Jumbo pistachios
- The world pistachios price and export chart
How to return the export currency to the country:
Ghavam pointed out that there are five ways to return the export currency to the country, which is not just a question of returning the currency to the Nima system, and exporters can return their currency to the country in different ways.
He expressed hope that with the excellent coordination between the private sector and the public sector in the province, the rest of the export currency that was to be returned by the end of July will return to the country.
“Of course, we asked for more opportunities for exporters by the end of November.” Be able to return their currency. The quality of American pistachios is not competitive with Iranian pistachios the important thing is that Iranian pistachios have a very serious competitor in world markets called American pistachios, which compete with each other in terms of tonnage in world markets, but In terms of quality, Iranian pistachios are still much better than American pistachios in terms of taste.
water management is an important problem for pistachio growers in Iran.
the most important issue in agriculture is water management: considering that Kerman province is a dry province and as we move forward, due to the decrease in rainfall in the country and Kerman province, the situation is increasing day by day It gets worse.
Ghavam pointed out that in the field of agricultural products, especially pistachios, a reform and review should be done: increasing productivity per unit area and increasing quantity along with increasing quality makes pistachio products in Kerman province competitive in global markets.
He pointed out that our farmers achieve their product with very high costs of fertilizers, pesticides, labor wages, etc., and the productivity of this field should be increased: the most important issue in pistachio production is to be able to have a competitive product.