Iran pistachios export has fallen in 2021
Pistachio exports in the first nine months of 2021 fell by 19 percent for a variety of reasons.
Mizan News Agency – Pistachio is one of the advantageous products of our country that has always had a special place in the export basket of Iranian agricultural products.
Iran is one of the largest producers of pistachios in the world and in 2021 it exported pistachios to about 70 countries.
Sayed Ruhollah Latifi, the spokesman of the customs, in a conversation with Mizan about the export of pistachios and its situation in the first 9 months of 2021-2022, said: in the first 9 months of this year, more than 111,112 tons of pistachios worth 738 million 456 thousand 417 dollars were exported. There were 96,771 tons of pistachios with skin, 13,745 tons of pistachio kernels, 275 tons of sliced pistachios and 358 tons of other types of pistachios.
Latifi further explained: Pistachio with skin weighing 96 thousand 771 tons and worth 581 million 401 thousand 885 dollars has been exported to 67 countries, while China bought 32 thousand 713 tons worth 188 million 785 thousand dollars. $ 271, India with 10 thousand 859 tons worth 71 million 693 thousand 312 dollars, Russia with 6 thousand 710 tons worth 39 million 292 thousand 850 dollars, Iraq with 6 thousand 233 tons The value of 37 million 464 thousand 887 dollars and Kyrgyzstan with the purchase of 6 thousand 150 tons worth 37 million 457 thousand 848 dollars, were the first five countries to buy pistachios with skin from Iran.
He stated: 54 countries also bought 13 thousand 745 tons of pistachio kernels from Iran worth 152 million 393 thousand 311 dollars, while India bought 3,171 tons worth 34 million 298 thousand 782 dollars, Germany with Buy 2,902 tons worth 33 million 860 thousand 777 dollars, UAE buy 1,826 tons worth 19 million 944 thousand 610 dollars, Iraq buy 1,780 tons worth 19 million 94 dollars $ 1,553 and Turkey, with the purchase of 960 tons worth $ 10,370,353, were the five destinations for Iranian pistachio kernel exports during this period.
Regarding the export of sliced pistachios, the customs spokesman said: “More than 275 tons of pistachios without second skin or sliced worth 3 million 358 thousand 332 dollars were exported to 18 countries in 9 months, while the UAE with 99 tons worth one million.” 409,771 dollars, Qatar with more than 45 tons worth 540,297 dollars, Iraq with 32 tons worth 357,134 dollars, Turkey with 23.6 tons worth 304,554 dollars and Germany With 22.3 tons worth $ 241,056, the top five destinations for pistachio slices were from Iran.
Latifi said: “Other pistachios and related products with 358 tons and worth $ 1,451,536 have been exported to 13 countries during this period, of which Iraq, Pakistan, Kyrgyzstan, India and Armenia were the top five export destinations.” .
He stressed: “Unfortunately, in the first nine months of this year, compared to the same period last year, we saw a 19 percent decrease in both weight and value of pistachio exports.”
In an interview with Mizan, Mohammad Salehi, referring to the production and export of pistachios, said: “Pistachio production has decreased by 70,000 tons compared to last year, and this amount of production is related to initial estimates, and an estimate will be made in November, after which The exact amount of pistachio production is determined.
Regarding the reason for the decrease in pistachio production, he said: “Cold and heat have both been factors in reducing pistachio production.” About 20% of pistachios are consumed domestically and the rest of the production is exported to East Asia, Europe, Russia, Arab countries, India, etc.
Regarding the main challenge in pistachio production, the head of the Pistachio Association said: “The biggest problem is in water production, which unfortunately is not done in this regard. Also, farmers’ raw materials such as pesticides, fertilizers, etc. are usually imported.”Salehi said: “The problem with pistachio exports is the foreign exchange commitment that the government receives to return the currency to the exporter, but despite the sanctions, it is not possible for this currency to be returned and this issue will affect exports.”