Tuyserkan is known for its walnut. In this city and the surrounding villages, whatever job you have, your work and life are ultimately tied to walnuts.
The walnut is so rooted in the culture of this region that the dowry of some of the inhabitants of this region is still determined by the walnut tree; Trees that produce up to 10,000 walnuts a year, and some have a small walnut orchard behind their marriage certificate.
Even the price of the country’s walnuts is determined in the Tuyserkan walnut market. This product not only turns the wheel of life of gardeners, sellers and activists of the walnut market, but also in the last two weeks of summer and the first two weeks of autumn is a blessing for walnuts that these days their income reaches even 20 USD per day!
A job that, despite its relatively good income, also faces great risks.
Death and disability due to walnut shaking in Tuyserkan
It is said that this year, in addition to those who specialize in walnuts, other people have turned to this profession because of their good income, those who have stagnated their business or lost their jobs in the current economic situation of the country and the corona, This can increase the number of people falling from tall walnut trees due to the ignorance of the profession.
“Last year, we had 102 cases of Tuyserkan walnut trees falling from walnut trees in Tuyserkan, of which 8 died and some suffered spinal cord injuries,” said Hojjatullah Shahbazi, deputy director of horticulture at the Hamedan Agricultural Organization.
According to Shahbazi, the old trees in this area are very high and because they are old, there is a possibility of rot in any branch, and this has caused us to have about 100 falls per year, which this year turned to those whose job is not walnut shaking; Our concern has doubled.
At present, the salary of a walnuts harvester is between 400 and 500 thousand tomans (18 USD-20USD) per day, depending on the height of the tree.
He added: “We have had joint plans with the emergency services and the mountaineering board of the province for about 2 years to prevent falls and provide assistance to the victims.
“Apart from the plan to replace the crowns of walnut trees by grafting, which leads to the horizontal development of the tree instead of vertical development, we have training programs with the help of the mountaineering board for walnut trees, which are also broadcast on provincial television.
“In these few weeks, which is the walnut season, ambulances have been deployed in the areas where we have walnut orchards, so that, they can arrive sooner if something happens, and we ask people to take any action until the emergency arrives due to spinal cord injuries.
the emergency knows that it is falling from a walnut tree and arrives at the scene more immediately.
for trees up to 4 meters high, the “shaker” device can be used to shake and collect walnuts, but it is not used for trees with higher heights.
adding: in the form of consultations with two insured companies, gardeners can insure walnut harvesters for 500,000 tomans (19.5USD)for a month.
Although Hamedan is after Kerman province in terms of walnut cultivation area, but it is ranked as a country in terms of production.
Hamedan this year, with the production of 64,000 tons of walnuts, its share of the total walnut production in the country will reach 23%. Tuyserkan, with 5,600 hectares of walnut orchards and the production of 15,800 tons, accounts for 30% of the walnuts produced in Hamedan.Hamedan Jihad Keshavarzi Deputy Minister of Horticulture said that although
Iran is the third largest producer of walnuts in the world after the United States and China, it does not have a large share in walnut exports to the world.
Walnuts produced in the province and the country are non-uniform and the species we have do not have a satisfactory yield in production per unit area. Of course, work has begun in this area.
The first step is to improve the gardens by using transplanted seedlings, which after transplanting, gardeners will have a crop even in the first year. Shahbazi says: The yield per hectare of old gardens in Hamedan is about 2.1 tons per hectare. Tons per hectare of orchards have been reached and fortunately gardeners have welcomed the project after seeing these results.
He announced another problem of the old gardens as spring frosts and said:
“This problem can also be solved by transplanting late flowering items.”According to him, there are trees in this area that provide for the living expenses of several families, and this has worked so well that these families have also taken steps to improve the trees. Transplantation of walnut trees has increased from 8,000 transplants in 1996 to 125,000 transplants in the first quarter of this year.
Delivery of subsidized walnut seedlings to gardenersAt the same time, “Shahmirzad” of Semnan is one of the regions that is famous for having quality walnuts.”Mehdi Gharaian”, the director of horticulture in Semnan, also says: “Our province has a total of 62,000 hectares of fruitful garden lands, of which 3,350 hectares are dedicated to walnut orchards.” Shahmirzad and the surrounding villages are also the origin of Semnan walnut production.He emphasizes: the climate in the north of the province, where Shahmirzad is also located, is prone to walnut production.
Of course, the first garden product of Semnan is pistachio and then apricot, pomegranate and grape.He states: “Unfortunately, climate change in recent years has caused frost to threaten the gardens of the province once every two years.
“Last year, walnut orchards in Semnan suffered from frost and a large part of production was destroyed, which reduced the total production of walnuts in Semnan to 2,000 tons.
The Deputy Minister of Horticulture of Semnan Agricultural Jihad also emphasizes: Of course, this year we had about 30% and 50% frost in walnut orchards in some areas of the province, such as Shahroud, but we expect to reach 5,000 tons this year.
He adds: To solve this problem, gardeners have been encouraged to transplant late flowering cultivars on walnut trees for several years.
The total product is significantly reduced.According to him, in the 700-hectare Shahmirzad agro-industrial complex, which was created with the help of 16,000 locals, they have been able to protect themselves from frost bites by transplanting new walnut cultivars.