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The Caspian Sea Caviar

Caspian sea caviar history

When we talk about the best export products of Iran, a few things stand out in our minds more than others: oil, carpets, pistachios, saffron and caviar.

Sturgeon have survived from the Jurassic period and 93% of them live in the Caspian Sea.

93% of Sturgeon fishes which are producing caviar, live in Caspian sea

sturgeon caviar

The history of Iranian caviar, however, has a long history and, according to researchers, dates back to the Median era.

But this precious good, which is very famous in the world, has attracted a luxury English breakfast fast.

The Caspian Sea is home to a variety of fish and aquatic creatures, but most people are familiar with caviar.

The protein in caviar is mainly composed of the amino acids arzin, histamine, isoleucine, lysine and methionine.

The fat in caviar is also divided into two main categories, which are 25% cholesterol and 75% lecithin. This amazing food is said to prevent depression and cardiovascular disease due to its omega-3 fatty acids.


Its ingredients include minerals, protein, fat and vitamins so that its protein and fat are easily absorbed by the body.

In fact, it can be said that it is so nutritious that it is even preferable to eating fish meat. Iranian caviar is rich in vitamins A, D and E and minerals such as iodine and phosphorus, which can reduce the recovery period after severe surgery or infectious diseases.

Consumption of caviar is very effective in preventing rheumatoid arthritis (diseases of the joints), gastrointestinal diseases and some types of cancer.

Caviar is also rich in iron, which is why it is recommended for people with iron deficiency anemia.

History of caviar industry in Iran

There is not much evidence of Iranian caviar in the past.

In his writings, Herodotus referred to the caviar of the Caspian Sea.

The Chinese entered the industry in the 10th century and raised fish in the Yangtze River. Some documents show that after being salted, they were taken from the Caspian Sea to Ekbataneh, For the Russians, caviar was also so valuable that the image of a sturgeon was struck on copper coins.

During the Qajar dynasty and the Treaty of Turkmenchay in 1828, the Russians dominated the southern shores of the Caspian Sea and took over the Iranian caviar industry.

In contract of establish a joint fishing company.

According to that agreement, the shores of the Caspian Sea and important inland rivers were assigned to this company for up to 25 years.

This contract was valid until 1331, in which the National Iranian Fisheries was declared. Years of Russian and then Soviet intervention in the Caspian Sea led to overfishing on the southern shores of the sea, which was seen as booty, reducing the generation of many fish.

Iran’s high dependence in recent years has made it necessary for Russia to cooperate to sell Iranian caviar to Europe after the independence of Iran’s fisheries.

The main areas of caviar fishing

As you probably all know, the main place for caviar fishing is in the south of the Caspian Sea, especially Sefidrud. Researchers say that in the past, 500 tons of caviar was harvested from Sefidrud.

Other important areas for Seyed Javiar in Iran include Stara, Kiashahr and Qarasu, where fish stocks were established along their rivers.

The main reason for the migration of fish to the south of the Caspian Sea was the favorable situation for migration and spawning.

However, one of the main reasons for the lack of life of these valuable fish in the north of the Caspian Sea is the severe winter cold, the shallow depth of the northern parts of the Caspian Sea, the construction of huge dams on streams and pollution from factories and ships.

For this reason, sturgeons live mainly on the southern coast and their main catchments are the northern estuaries.

Iranian caviar grains are spherical and vary from golden, brown, gray to black, depending on the type of ozone-boron fish. They may have a spicy and pleasant taste and even the taste of hazelnut seeds.

The caviar is removed from the live fish and after anesthetizing it, tearing the belly of the fish and squeezing it with the hand, is removed from the fish belly (if this is done on the anesthetized fish, the fish secretes a chemical that It makes the taste of caviar bitter and spoils it and makes it unusable.

Fresh caviar is obtained from the seeds of the female ozone boron seed (Starry sturgeon)

After being caught with fishing nets, they are taken to a special laboratory while they are still alive, and empty the bags containing the eggs without killing the fish. In this way, the fishermen skillfully hit a certain point at the bottom of the fish’s head and anesthetize it, and then with a sharp knife they split the side of the fish and take out the bags containing the eggs. The hatched eggs pass through several different nets, each of which separates the caviar with a different size. If the eggs are not separate and remove carefully enough, they may be damaged.

How to know the best caviar?

What you read in this article

  1. The way to distinguish genuine caviar from counterfeit
  2. How to buy the best caviar in Iran
  3. Buy the best caviar in Iran online
  4. Buy original caviar in Iran from reputable stores
  5. Buy original Iranian caviar in bulk
  6. Types of Iranian origin caviar

How to know the best caviar?

Caviar is a delicious food that is obtained from sturgeon eggs and it is necessary to identify the best caviar by recognizing the types of caviar along with their color.

Which we will explain more in the following.The way to distinguish good quality caviar from counterfeit.

How to know the best caviar?

1.To distinguish real caviar from counterfeit, we must first pay attention to the appearance of its packaging.

If the packaging is for reputable brand it can be trusted.

Reputation of the caviar brands

2.The second method is the appearance of the caviar grains themselves, which use paraffin in the counterfeit and dye it, so these grains return on the paint surfaces.

use paraffin in the counterfeit and dye it

Paraffin in the fake and low quality caviar

What is the best caviar in Iran?

The 3 main types of sturgeon that are mostly available in the market include:

  1. Beluga: Beluga sturgeon is very large and most caviar is taken from it and its color is from gray to black.

The color of Beluga caviar is gray or black

Color of Beluga caviar

2. Astra: It has a color between olive and brownish gray and has one of the most desirable flavors of caviar.

Astra caviar has a color between olive and brownish gray and has one of the most desirable flavors of caviar.

Color of Astra caviar

3. Soruga Weber: Its color range is from light gray to black, it is cheaper than the other two types and has a salty taste.

Soruga Weber Caviar’s color range is from light gray to black, it is cheaper than the other two types and has a salty taste.

Soruga Weber characteristics

How to buy the best caviar in Iran?

The best way to buy caviar in Iran is to refer to the representatives of active and reputable companies in the field of caviar sales or refer to online sites and view the list of caviar types with their prices and details.

How to know the best caviar?

Buy the best caviar in Iran online The best and best-selling caviar is Beluga caviar, the taste of which has been more favorable for consumers.

To buy the best caviar online, you must visit the sites of famous and reputable agencies.Buy original caviar in Iran from reputable storesTo buy the best Iranian original caviar in reputable stores, you can visit the sales representatives of the products in person or contact their online sales sites and ask all the questions you want and find out the authenticity of the products.

Buy original Iranian caviar in bulk.

Iran’s best caviar, known as black pearl caviar , has many fans at home and abroad, which are bought in bulk or exported to other countries, so companies active in this field are ready to meet the needs of consumers.

Types of Iranian origin caviar.

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