Isfahan pistachio Production increased by 60%
About Isfahan pistachio According to IRNA, Iran ranks first in the world in pistachio exports and last year more than 150,000 tons of Iranian pistachios exported to the market of different countries.
last year more than 320,000 tons of pistachios were produced.
Kerman province with 100,000 tons, It has the first rank in the production of this product and the provinces of Khorasan Razavi, Yazd, Fars, South Khorasan, Semnan, Markazi and Qom are in the next ranks of pistachio production.
It must be acknowledged that increasing and improving the quality of production has led to the preservation of global markets for this valuable product.
consequently, will increase the value of this product in the coming years.
As for Isfahan, as one of the main agricultural centers of the country, with its experiences in the field of agriculture, it has been successful in many fields, and the development of exports, especially during the activities of the 11th and 12th governments, has been recorded.
It is worth mentioning that Isfahan province is a leader in many sectors and sub-sectors of large agricultural industry and industry in the country and in some areas is excellent and exemplary.
It is the land of the country, 185,000 people work in the agriculture and livestock sector of the province, 11% of employment and 7% of the gross national product of the province is allocated to the agriculture and livestock sector.
privileges of Isfahan
This land is in the privileged and main position of our country in terms of different sectors and sub-sectors of the agricultural industry, for example 4.6 million tons of horticultural products and 800 thousand tons of greenhouse products out of a total of 6.5 million tons of various agricultural and livestock products in normal conditions in This province is produced.
In terms of ranking, this province is in the first place with an annual production of more than 1.5 million tons of milk and various dairy products, and with the production of 200,000 tons of chicken meat and 100,000 tons of eggs, it is in the second place in the country.
Annual production of eight thousand tons of turkeys and one thousand tons of ostriches is the first rank for this region and the region’s cattle breeders produce 68 thousand tons of red meat per year, which is the fifth rank and with the production of seven thousand tons of honey is in the third place in the country. .
Isfahan is in the first place with the production of 68 million pieces of ornamental fish and 300 thousand tons of onions and with the production of 372 thousand tons of greenhouse products, 485 thousand tons of potatoes and 243 thousand tons of apples.
Pistachio cultivation in Isfahan
59% increase in pistachio orchards in Isfahan since 2013
According to statistics obtained from the Agricultural Organization of Isfahan Province, the area under pistachio cultivation at the beginning of the government of Tadbir and Omid in 2013 was 5,853 hectares, which has now reached 9,345 hectares and amounted to 59 Percentage has grown.
The amount of pistachio production in that year was 5,990 tons, which increased to 8,250 tons in 2019 and increased by 38%. 25% of the product produced in Isfahan province was used in the same province and the rest to other Exported to Iran and other countries.
In terms of job creation as one of the main needs of the country today, 7,800 people are directly and 2,300 people are indirectly employed in the cultivation industry of this crop in Isfahan province.
In this regard, the horticulture expert of Isfahan Agricultural Organization pointed out: This province is ranked 13th in terms of cultivated area and 12th in terms of production compared to other provinces in the country.
In an interview with IRNA, Saadat Shahpour added: “If the shortage of mechanized tools and equipment is eliminated, a mechanized agricultural service center, packaging, processing and marketing center is set up in the province, we will see more development of the pistachio production industry.” And there is the necessary ability in this land.
Need for low interest facilities to develop pistachio cultivation industry in Isfahan
Emphasizing on improving pistachio orchards to increase productivity, he added: “Long-term and low-interest facilities are needed for this issue, so that we can take basic measures to repair some orchards and thus improve the quantity and quality of the product.”
Isfahan pistachio producer Provinces
It is worth mentioning that the cities of Aran and Bidgol, Ardestan, Kashan, Nain, Isfahan and Khor and Biyabank are the main areas of Isfahan province where pistachio cultivation is done, respectively.
cities of Aran and Bidgol, Ardestan, Kashan, Nain, Isfahan and Khor and Biyabank are the main areas of Isfahan provincePistachio production in Isfahan
In this regard, the head of the Plant Production Department in the management of Aran and Bidgol Agricultural Organization stated in an interview with IRNA: The main center of production of this product is in Isfahan province in the northeastern region of the province, especially Aran and Bidgol.
Aran and Bidgol, are the pioneer of pistachio production in Isfahan.
Hadi Yaghmaeian, stating that Aran and Bidgol counties have 4,100 hectares of arable land related to pistachio cultivation, said: “This region is pioneer in production of this product in Isfahan province and every year on average about 1.7 to 2 tons per hectare of pistachios”
He described water shortages and water constraints as the biggest challenges facing the agricultural industry, adding: “Especially since 2009, when successive droughts in the province hit the production of this crop, this trend exists almost every year.”
The head of the Plant Production Department in the management of Aran and Bidgol Agricultural Organization added: “On the other hand, with the implementation of the groundwater balancing plan and a two-thirds reduction in water resources for the area under cultivation, pistachio trees in the region produce less than in the past.” It has affected its overall production.
Yaghmaeian continued: “Although pistachio trees are generally dehydrated trees, the same amount of low water should be provided to these trees at regular intervals and on a regular basis.”
He added: “Aran and Bidgol are located in a forbidden and critical plain, so projects related to groundwater balancing are being implemented in it, and this has led to an impact on agriculture, especially pistachio trees.”
In recent years, it has led to a significant reduction in product exports, he said: “If the field of export of this food can be provided, a good financial achievement and currency appreciation will be achieved for our country.”
It is also necessary that the quality of production should be considered in some way, the destination countries in the issue of export, the quality and the necessary standards are strongly considered and emphasized, and in order to continue to maintain the markets of that country, the issue of standardization and Quality and improvement should be seriously put on the agenda.
The head of the Plant Production Department in the management of Aran and Bidgol Agricultural Organization , in order to improve the quality of pistachio production, said: Minimum distance between trees, construction of garden and planting trees scientifically and pruning and arranging trees are among the most important issues in this field.
He explained: the proximity of trees and foliage and crops together for a long time will reduce the quality.
on the other hand to minimize harvest time and deliver the product to processing and export terminals should reduce the time seriously.
Yaghmaeian said that Iranian pistachios are among the world’s top products in terms of quality and other cases.
adding: “However, although countries like the United States are not the origin of this product, but with genetic modification and scientific work done in these countries, pistachio production and quality Their production has increased sharply in recent years, and if we can not continuously update the quality measures, scientific methods of agriculture and especially exports, we will gradually lose global markets.
The head of the Plant Production Department in the management of Aran and Bidgol Agricultural Organization emphasized: “In recent years, we have witnessed a significant improvement in terms of technical and engineering principles of agriculture in the region, and if we want to maintain the production of this product as in previous years, Have a special hold on science, advanced principles and techniques.
Pistachios in Isfahan province have export value pistachio producer in Isfahan province stated that 43 years ago he planted pistachio seedlings in Aran and Bidgol regions and since then he has planted thirteen varieties of pistachios.
In an interview with IRNA, Abdul Ali Ghorbani added: “The product produced in Aran and Bidgol has been exported to European and Asian countries in recent years, but sanctions have also affected the export of this product.”
Cut off the hands of speculators, the demand of the pistachio producer
He said that in order to increase exports and foreign exchange, as well as help the farmers as much as possible, the hands of brokers should be cut as much as possible, adding: the presence of brokers causes turmoil in the market and dissatisfaction of farmers and consumers Kills and because of the greed of the broker and intermediary, the customer pays more money if it does not go in the pocket of the manufacturer.
This pistachio producer pointed to Isfahan province as a region of pistachio cultivation and said: “Different cities can take action in cultivating it. Of course, sandy and sandy soils are not suitable for cultivating this tree and hard and hard soils should be used To be placed.”
The victim considered water shortage as the main challenge in producing this crop and stated: Pistachio tree yields about 70 kg once in October and November and of course these trees should be irrigated every 30 days, which unfortunately is now due to lack of water resources.
We irrigate them every 60 days, which is a factor in reducing tree productivity.
Pistachio trees have long lives, for example, in the country there are trees with a life of 350 and 400 or even 900 years in the Rafsanjan region of Kerman, and of course you should try to preserve and maintain these trees.Oldest ppistachio tree
The producer called for the removal of barriers to export and the allocation of sufficient water for the cultivation of this crop and continued:
In the category of cultivation in agricultural lands, for example alfalfa, if not enough water is available, other crops can be planted, but trees that for years They are hard-working, they can not be changed, so we must work for their stability.
Tags Ministry of Agriculture organization Iranian Pistachio Association Isfahan Agricultural lands Non-oil exports